Learn everything you need to know about cactus care from watering to soil in this comprehensive guide. Cacti are among the popular plants, especially due to their durability and interesting appearance. However, cactus care can be a bit difficult for beginners as they are plants with some special requirements. That's why we've prepared a guide for cactus care beginners.
Understanding Cacti: what is a cactus and why is it different from other plants?
cacti, 2.000containing more than species cactaceae are members of the plant family. They are known for their thick and fleshy bodies that store water. This is their hot, dry enabling them to survive in the environment. Cacti differ from other plants in several ways, including:
- Their unique physical appearance
- Water storage capabilities in their trunks
- Adaptations to survive in hot and dry environments
Why are cacti so popular as houseplants?
Cacti are popular as houseplants for a variety of reasons, including:
- They require low maintenance
- They come in a variety of shapes and sizes
- They are unique and interesting to look at
Cactus Care Basics
Cacti prefer light and airy soils. The natural habitats of cacti are mostly sand and gravel filled areas, so the soil should not be overly dense. You can buy ready-made cactus soil or make it yourself at home. If you are going to make your own mixture, you can use materials such as perlite, sand and peat.
- Use a cactus-specific soil mix containing sand or perlite to improve drainage.
- Avoid using potting soil that retains too much moisture and can cause root rot.
Cacti do not need much water, as they grow in arid regions. It is sufficient to water when the soil is completely dry. Generally, once a week watering is sufficient, but you may need to water more frequently during the summer months. While watering, avoid getting the water in contact with the stem of the plant as this can cause rot or root rot.
- Water your cactus only when the soil is completely dry.
- Water well, but be sure to allow excess water to drain out of the pot.
- During winter, reduce watering to every four to six weeks
İlginizi çekebilir: How to Make Your Cacti Happy with Correct Watering Techniques?
Cacti need bright sunlight. If you are growing it at home, place it in front of a window with direct sunlight if possible. However, direct sunlight in the summer can burn the plant, so you can shade the plant to reduce its exposure to sunlight.
- Place your cactus in a sunny location, such as a south-facing window.
- If you find that your cactus gets a lot of direct sunlight, you can provide some shade by using tulle curtains or blinds.
- If you don't have a sunny window, you can use a grow light to provide the necessary light.
Cacti generally prefer mild temperatures. Take care to grow it at a temperature between 18-24 degrees. Cold weather can slow or stop the growth of cacti.
- Protect your cacti from negative temperatures.
- If it is outdoors, you can cover it with a heat tulle.
Cacti do not need to be fertilized as often as they are slow growing plants. Generally, it is sufficient to fertilize once in spring and summer. However, when fertilizing, avoid over-fertilizing your cacti as this can cause damage or death to the plant.
- Use a fertilizer specially formulated for cacti and succulents.
- Fertilize your cactus during the growing season (spring and summer)
- Follow the directions on the fertilizer package and do not over-fertilize as it can damage your cactus.
Cacti do not need frequent soil changes as they are slow growing plants. However, changing the soil every year to freshen it will have a positive effect on its growth.
- Change the soil of your cacti every year.
- If you take the cacti that do not fit in their pots into larger pots, their growth will accelerate.